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QIntCache Class Reference

The QIntCache class is a template class that provides a cache based on long keys. More...

#include <qintcache.h>

List of all member functions.

Public Members


Detailed Description

The QIntCache class is a template class that provides a cache based on long keys.

QIntCache is implemented as a template class. Define a template instance QIntCache<X> to create a cache that operates on pointers to X, or X*.

A cache is a least recently used (LRU) list of cache items, accessed via long keys. Each cache item has a cost. The sum of item costs, totalCost(), will not exceed the maximum cache cost, maxCost(). If inserting a new item would cause the total cost to exceed the maximum cost, the least recently used items in the cache are removed.

Apart from insert(), by far the most important function is find() (which also exists as operator[]). This function looks up an item, returns it, and by default marks it as being the most recently used item.

There are also methods to remove() or take() an object from the cache. Calling setAutoDelete(TRUE) for a cache tells it to delete items that are removed. The default is to not delete items when they are removed (i.e. remove() and take() are equivalent).

When inserting an item into the cache, only the pointer is copied, not the item itself. This is called a shallow copy. It is possible to make the cache copy all of the item's data (known as a deep copy) when an item is inserted. insert() calls the virtual function QPtrCollection::newItem() for the item to be inserted. Inherit a dictionary and reimplement newItem() if you want deep copies.

When removing a cache item, the item will be automatically deleted if auto-deletion is enabled.

There is a QIntCacheIterator which may be used to traverse the items in the cache in arbitrary order.

See also QIntCacheIterator, QCache, QAsciiCache, Collection Classes, and Non-GUI Classes.


Member Function Documentation

QIntCache::QIntCache ( int maxCost = 100, int size = 17 )

Constructs a cache whose contents will never have a total cost greater than maxCost and which is expected to contain less than size items.

size is actually the size of an internal hash array; it's usually best to make it prime and at least 50% bigger than the largest expected number of items in the cache.

Each inserted item is associated with a cost. When inserting a new item, if the total cost of all items in the cache will exceed maxCost, the cache will start throwing out the older (least recently used) items until there is enough room for the new item to be inserted.

QIntCache::~QIntCache ()

Removes all items from the cache and then destroys the int cache. If auto-deletion is enabled the cache's items are deleted. All iterators that access this cache will be reset.

void QIntCache::clear () [virtual]

Removes all items from the cache, and deletes them if auto-deletion has been enabled.

All cache iterators that operate this on cache are reset.

See also remove() and take().

uint QIntCache::count () const [virtual]

Returns the number of items in the cache.

See also totalCost().

type * QIntCache::find ( long k, bool ref = TRUE ) const

Returns the item associated with k, or 0 if the key does not exist in the cache. If ref is TRUE (the default), the item is moved to the front of the least recently used list.

If there are two or more items with equal keys, the one that was inserted most recently is returned.

bool QIntCache::insert ( long k, const type * d, int c = 1, int p = 0 )

Inserts the item d into the cache with key k and assigns it a cost of c (default 1). Returns TRUE if it succeeds; otherwise returns FALSE.

The cache's size is limited, and if the total cost is too high, QIntCache will remove old, least-used items until there is room for this new item.

The parameter p is internal and should be left at the default value (0).

Warning: If this function returns FALSE (for example, the cost , exceeds maxCost()), you must delete d yourself. Additionally, be very careful about using d after calling this function. Any other insertions into the cache, from anywhere in the application or within Qt itself, could cause the object to be discarded from the cache and the pointer to become invalid.

bool QIntCache::isEmpty () const

Returns TRUE if the cache is empty; otherwise returns FALSE.

int QIntCache::maxCost () const

Returns the maximum allowed total cost of the cache.

See also setMaxCost() and totalCost().

type * QIntCache::operator[] ( long k ) const

Returns the item associated with k, or 0 if k does not exist in the cache, and moves the item to the front of the least recently used list.

If there are two or more items with equal keys, the one that was inserted most recently is returned.

This is the same as find( k, TRUE ).

See also find().

bool QIntCache::remove ( long k )

Removes the item associated with k, and returns TRUE if the item was present in the cache; otherwise returns FALSE.

The item is deleted if auto-deletion has been enabled, i.e. if you have called setAutoDelete(TRUE).

If there are two or more items with equal keys, the one that was inserted most recently is removed.

All iterators that refer to the removed item are set to point to the next item in the cache's traversal order.

See also take() and clear().

void QIntCache::setMaxCost ( int m )

Sets the maximum allowed total cost of the cache to m. If the current total cost is greater than m, some items are removed immediately.

See also maxCost() and totalCost().

uint QIntCache::size () const

Returns the size of the hash array used to implement the cache. This should be a bit larger than count() is likely to be.

void QIntCache::statistics () const

A debug-only utility function. Prints out cache usage, hit/miss, and distribution information using qDebug(). This function does nothing in the release library.

type * QIntCache::take ( long k )

Takes the item associated with k out of the cache without deleting it, and returns a pointer to the item taken out or 0 if the key does not exist in the cache.

If there are two or more items with equal keys, the one that was inserted most recently is taken.

All iterators that refer to the taken item are set to point to the next item in the cache's traversal order.

See also remove() and clear().

int QIntCache::totalCost () const

Returns the total cost of the items in the cache. This is an integer in the range 0 to maxCost().

See also setMaxCost().


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Qt 3.2.1