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QStyleSheet Class Reference

The QStyleSheet class is a collection of styles for rich text rendering and a generator of tags. More...

#include <qstylesheet.h>

Inherits QObject.

List of all member functions.

Public Members

Static Public Members


Detailed Description

The QStyleSheet class is a collection of styles for rich text rendering and a generator of tags.

By creating QStyleSheetItem objects for a style sheet you build a definition of a set of tags. This definition will be used by the internal rich text rendering system to parse and display text documents to which the style sheet applies. Rich text is normally visualized in a QTextEdit or a QTextBrowser. However, QLabel, QWhatsThis and QMessageBox also support it, and other classes are likely to follow. With QSimpleRichText it is possible to use the rich text renderer for custom widgets as well.

The default QStyleSheet object has the following style bindings, sorted by structuring bindings, anchors, character style bindings (i.e. inline styles), special elements such as horizontal lines or images, and other tags. In addition, rich text supports simple HTML tables.

The structuring tags are

Structuring tags Notes
<qt>...</qt> A Qt rich text document. It understands the following attributes:
  • title -- The caption of the document. This attribute is easily accessible with QTextEdit::documentTitle().
  • type -- The type of the document. The default type is page. It indicates that the document is displayed in a page of its own. Another style is detail, which can be used to explain certain expressions in more detail in a few sentences. For detail, QTextBrowser will then keep the current page and display the new document in a small popup similar to QWhatsThis. Note that links will not work in documents with <qt type="detail">...</qt>.
  • bgcolor -- The background color, for example bgcolor="yellow" or bgcolor="#0000FF".
  • background -- The background pixmap, for example background="granite.xpm". The pixmap name will be resolved by a QMimeSourceFactory().
  • text -- The default text color, for example text="red".
  • link -- The link color, for example link="green".
<h1>...</h1> A top-level heading.
<h2>...</h2> A sublevel heading.
<h3>...</h3> A sub-sublevel heading.
<p>...</p> A left-aligned paragraph. Adjust the alignment with the align attribute. Possible values are left, right and center.
<center>...
</center>
A centered paragraph.
<blockquote>...
</blockquote>
An indented paragraph that is useful for quotes.
<ul>...</ul> An unordered list. You can also pass a type argument to define the bullet style. The default is type=disc; other types are circle and square.
<ol>...</ol> An ordered list. You can also pass a type argument to define the enumeration label style. The default is type="1"; other types are "a" and "A".
<li>...</li> A list item. This tag can be used only within the context of <ol> or <ul>.
<pre>...</pre> For larger chunks of code. Whitespaces in the contents are preserved. For small bits of code use the inline-style code.

Anchors and links are done with a single tag:

Anchor tags Notes
<a>...</a> An anchor or link.
  • A link is created by using an href attribute, for example
    <a href="target.qml">Link Text</a>. Links to targets within a document are achieved in the same way as for HTML, e.g.
    <a href="target.qml#subtitle">Link Text</a>.
  • A target is created by using a name attribute, for example
    <a name="subtitle"><h2>Sub Title</h2></a>.

The default character style bindings are

Style tags Notes
<em>...</em> Emphasized. By default this is the same as <i>...</i> (italic).
<strong>...</strong> Strong. By default this is the same as <b>...</b> (bold).
<i>...</i> Italic font style.
<b>...</b> Bold font style.
<u>...</u> Underlined font style.
<s>...</s> Strike out font style.
<big>...</big> A larger font size.
<small>...</small> A smaller font size.
<code>...</code> Indicates code. By default this is the same as <tt>...</tt> (typewriter). For larger chunks of code use the block-tag <pre>.
<tt>...</tt> Typewriter font style.
<font>...</font> Customizes the font size, family and text color. The tag understands the following attributes:
  • color -- The text color, for example color="red" or color="#FF0000".
  • size -- The logical size of the font. Logical sizes 1 to 7 are supported. The value may either be absolute (for example, size=3) or relative (size=-2). In the latter case the sizes are simply added.
  • face -- The family of the font, for example face=times.

Special elements are:

Special tags Notes
<img> An image. The image name for the mime source factory is given in the source attribute, for example <img src="qt.xpm"> The image tag also understands the attributes width and height that determine the size of the image. If the pixmap does not fit the specified size it will be scaled automatically (by using QImage::smoothScale()).
The align attribute determines where the image is placed. By default, an image is placed inline just like a normal character. Specify left or right to place the image at the respective side.
<hr> A horizonal line.
<br> A line break.
<nobr>...</nobr> No break. Prevents word wrap.

In addition, rich text supports simple HTML tables. A table consists of one or more rows each of which contains one or more cells. Cells are either data cells or header cells, depending on their content. Cells which span rows and columns are supported.

Table tags Notes
<table>...</table> A table. Tables support the following attributes:
  • bgcolor -- The background color.
  • width -- The table width. This is either an absolute pixel width or a relative percentage of the table's width, for example width=80%.
  • border -- The width of the table border. The default is 0 (= no border).
  • cellspacing -- Additional space around the table cells. The default is 2.
  • cellpadding -- Additional space around the contents of table cells. The default is 1.
<tr>...</tr> A table row. This is only valid within a table. Rows support the following attribute:
  • bgcolor -- The background color.
<th>...</th> A table header cell. Similar to td, but defaults to center alignment and a bold font.
<td>...</td> A table data cell. This is only valid within a tr. Cells support the following attributes:
  • bgcolor -- The background color.
  • width -- The cell width. This is either an absolute pixel width or a relative percentage of table's width, for example width=50%.
  • colspan -- Specifies how many columns this cell spans. The default is 1.
  • rowspan -- Specifies how many rows this cell spans. The default is 1.
  • align -- Alignment; possible values are left, right, and center. The default is left.
  • valign -- Vertical alignment; possible values are top, middle, and bottom. The default is middle.

See also Graphics Classes, Help System, and Text Related Classes.


Member Function Documentation

QStyleSheet::QStyleSheet ( QObject * parent = 0, const char * name = 0 )

Creates a style sheet called name, with parent parent. Like any QObject it will be deleted when its parent is destroyed (if the child still exists).

By default the style sheet has the tag definitions defined above.

QStyleSheet::~QStyleSheet () [virtual]

Destroys the style sheet. All styles inserted into the style sheet will be deleted.

QString QStyleSheet::convertFromPlainText ( const QString & plain, QStyleSheetItem::WhiteSpaceMode mode = QStyleSheetItem::WhiteSpacePre ) [static]

Auxiliary function. Converts the plain text string plain to a rich text formatted paragraph while preserving most of its look.

mode defines the whitespace mode. Possible values are QStyleSheetItem::WhiteSpacePre (no wrapping, all whitespaces preserved) and QStyleSheetItem::WhiteSpaceNormal (wrapping, simplified whitespaces).

See also escape().

Examples: action/application.cpp, application/application.cpp, and mdi/application.cpp.

QStyleSheet * QStyleSheet::defaultSheet () [static]

Returns the application-wide default style sheet. This style sheet is used by rich text rendering classes such as QSimpleRichText, QWhatsThis and QMessageBox to define the rendering style and available tags within rich text documents. It also serves as the initial style sheet for the more complex render widgets, QTextEdit and QTextBrowser.

See also setDefaultSheet().

void QStyleSheet::error ( const QString & msg ) const [virtual]

This virtual function is called when an error occurs when processing rich text. Reimplement it if you need to catch error messages.

Errors might occur if some rich text strings contain tags that are not understood by the stylesheet, if some tags are nested incorrectly, or if tags are not closed properly.

msg is the error message.

QString QStyleSheet::escape ( const QString & plain ) [static]

Auxiliary function. Converts the plain text string plain to a rich text formatted string with any HTML meta-characters escaped.

See also convertFromPlainText().

QStyleSheetItem * QStyleSheet::item ( const QString & name )

Returns the style called name or 0 if there is no such style.

const QStyleSheetItem * QStyleSheet::item ( const QString & name ) const

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It behaves essentially like the above function.

Returns the style called name or 0 if there is no such style (const version)

bool QStyleSheet::mightBeRichText ( const QString & text ) [static]

Returns TRUE if the string text is likely to be rich text; otherwise returns FALSE.

This function uses a fast and therefore simple heuristic. It mainly checks whether there is something that looks like a tag before the first line break. Although the result may be correct for common cases, there is no guarantee.

void QStyleSheet::scaleFont ( QFont & font, int logicalSize ) const [virtual]

Scales the font font to the appropriate physical point size corresponding to the logical font size logicalSize.

When calling this function, font has a point size corresponding to the logical font size 3.

Logical font sizes range from 1 to 7, with 1 being the smallest.

See also QStyleSheetItem::logicalFontSize(), QStyleSheetItem::logicalFontSizeStep(), and QFont::setPointSize().

void QStyleSheet::setDefaultSheet ( QStyleSheet * sheet ) [static]

Sets the application-wide default style sheet to sheet, deleting any style sheet previously set. The ownership is transferred to QStyleSheet.

See also defaultSheet().

QTextCustomItem * QStyleSheet::tag ( const QString & name, const QMap<QString, QString> & attr, const QString & context, const QMimeSourceFactory & factory, bool emptyTag, QTextDocument * doc ) const [virtual]

This function is under development and is subject to change.

Generates an internal object for the tag called name, given the attributes attr, and using additional information provided by the mime source factory factory.

context is the optional context of the document, i.e. the path to look for relative links. This becomes important if the text contains relative references, for example within image tags. QSimpleRichText always uses the default mime source factory (see QMimeSourceFactory::defaultFactory()) to resolve these references. The context will then be used to calculate the absolute path. See QMimeSourceFactory::makeAbsolute() for details.

emptyTag and doc are for internal use only.

This function should not be used in application code.


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Qt 3.2.1